In the session, which began after 2:00 p.m. and lasted 10 hours, the entry and exit of troops to carry out military exercises and the revocation of Mario Laporta's mandate as a member representing the Senate of the jury was also approved. prosecution of the Public Prosecutor's Office.
Officialism and opposition exchanged arguments in favor and against the initiative, while around the Congress a group of protesters protested against the reform that unifies the Federal and National Criminal and Economic Criminal jurisdiction, both of the City of Buenos Aires, under the name of Federal Criminal Court, with the aim of liquefying the power of Comodoro Py.
Late in the evening, the official senator Anabel Fernández Sagasti denounced that the vice president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, had been threatened with death by social networks, and that two Twitter accounts had published all the telephone numbers and addresses of the senators of the Frente De Todos and their families. "I call for reflection on the opposition, when we incite hatred in the citizenry these things happen. I hope it does not happen to adults because it is sad that this is the currency of these debates," he said. The senator of Together for Change, Martín Lousteau asked to speak to express his rejection.
At the beginning of the debate, the informant member and the head of the Constitutional Affairs Commission, María de los Ángeles Sacnun gave an account of the scope of the project and indicated that she hopes that "This is the first law of many to carry out a true judicial reform that ensures the independence of judges."
After noting that "it seeks to deconcentrate the power of the federal judges of Comodoro Py", highlighted that "the situation of Justice in Argentina is serious" and that in "four years of Mauricio Macri's government a judicial table was installed as an extra-power body."
"That judicial table was part of the de facto judicial reform that Mauricio Macri carried out in Argentina ", Sacnun insisted and spoke of a" legal war "to" persecute opponents "with the consent of" AFI agents, prosecutors, judges and journalists. "
The PRO senator and Vice President of the Constitutional Affairs Commission, Laura Rodríguez Machado, based on behalf of Juntos por el Cambio the "total and absolute rejection" of the judicial reform project, which she considered "a festival of positions" and "one more gear within a strategic plan to control federal criminal justice."
The Cordovan legislator also criticized the DNU that creates a Advisory Council to advise the President and questioned that was sought ue from the ruling party to move towards "expanding the Supreme Court of Justice and modifying the structure of the Council of the Magistracy and the Public Prosecutor's Office to modify the designation regime for the Attorney General of the Nation."
"There are few the reasons why we are asking for a vote against, "he said and affirmed" that charges have been negotiated ", which were five times higher than the original text, so that the necessary votes are obtained in the Chamber of Deputies to become law reform.
In turn, his fellow bloc Esteban Bullrich, indicated that "when one sees a reform hatched in the basements of democracy, one has to be suspicious and the obligation when faced with that suspicion is to reject this project". "We want a reform, yes, transparent, debated and consensual, not some dark monstrosity," he added.
"We cannot celebrate this reform, for the moment it is chosen for it and for the way it is being carried out. A reform of this type requires a very broad participation to generate a general consensus and that does not happen here ", he continued and asked to debate" urgent things "such as the Law of the Knowledge Economy.
In response, the senator of the Frente de Todos, Anabel Fernández Sagasti indicated that "the strengthening of justice and democracy is always timely." "We need a judicial power with greater transparency and social legitimacy. It is our duty as legislators to give answers to our citizens ", he argued.
In this sense, he criticized the opposition:" Now they say that we are in a pandemic, next year they will say that there are elections and so they will find any Uier excuse because they are addicted to the status quo and Peronism was voted to change things ".
" They also said that this was a reform that was not going to change people's lives. Not all of us are lucky enough to live in the City of Buenos Aires, that is why we decided to create cameras throughout the country. Here they spoke with an indolence, especially on the part of senators who come from the interior of the country and that is much more serious, "he added.
Meanwhile, the senator from La Pampa for the ruling party, Daniel Lovera, celebrated that the judicial reform project will expand positions in the federal courts based in the interior of the country and affirmed that it is "a historic advance."
In this sense, he gave as an example that in his province "there are two federal courts" in charge of "only one judge", so the reorganization in that sense "is a fundamental advance", and he added: "Justice represents a fundamental pillar for any democratic society , that is why it is necessary to improve its operation ".
For his part, the Chubut senator from the Frente de Todos, Mario Pais considered that this project is“ transcendent ”since it seeks“ adapt the structures of federal criminal justice to move towards a debt of Argentine democracy, which is the implementation of the accusatory system. "
" We received concerns and criticisms of the speeches of the specialists. The opposition was also invited to propose improvements to this bill and they have withdrawn that invitation. We regret that, we are really missing an opportunity, "he pointed out.
Radical senator Silvia Elías de Pérez assured that the judicial reform" is a project for the intervention of justice " "What they want is to take control of the judges who have investigated the causes of corruption that have taken away the dreams of many Argentines," he declared.
"They are delaying with this project, they are going in the opposite direction of what is needed. to implement the Criminal Procedure Code. There is no improvement of any kind, it is a system that will make it monstrous, "he analyzed and indicated that according to the calculation of Together for Change the project will need a budget of 6,000 million pesos.